Everything about the causes of prostatitis in men and the risk factors for developing the disease

The causes of prostatitis are always "lying on the surface" in men's daily lives, and the disease is very rare due to severe internal pathologies. The most common cause of prostatitis is a banal urinary tract infection that results from multiple sexual contact and non-compliance with basic hygiene rules.

practice for prostatitis

In men, prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate. It is accompanied by many unpleasant subjective feelings and often disrupts a man’s quality of life. Prevention has always been the most effective way to combat any disease, but to prevent and properly treat prostatitis, the causes must be known.

Frequency of occurrence

According to statistics, prostatitis is one of the most common urological diseases in men. It occurs in men at a young age and in old age. According to many observations, the disease occurs at least once in 30% of men aged 30-40, in 40% of those aged 40-50, and in 50% of those aged over 50.

In recent years, the following trend has been observed for a number of reasons: Prostatitis begins to develop at a younger age. Often she causes male infertility.

The course of the disease

The clinical picture of prostatitis in men is different, depending on the initial state of health in general and the immune system in particular, as well as individual characteristics and lifestyle. The disease can develop asymptomatically at a young age, but eventually manifests as difficulty urinating, sexual dysfunction, or infertility.

There are two main forms of inflammation of the prostate:

  • Infectious.
  • Stagnant (non-infectious).

Based on this classification, all causes of prostatitis can be divided into two groups: those that form foci of infection in the pelvis and impede blood and lymph circulation in the prostate.

Factors causing acute inflammation

back pain with prostatitis

In men, the acute process is more clinically pronounced, with symptoms developing suddenly and causing the most unpleasant subjective sensations. It is often associated with the appearance of high body temperature (38-39 ° C).

The most common causes of these types of conditions are urinary tract infections, cystitis, pyelonephritis, urethritis, and sexually transmitted diseases (especially in young people).

The most significant pathogens of the acute process:

  • Escherichia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
  • Klebsiella.
  • Protea.
  • Enterococcus.
  • Staphylococcus aureus.
  • Trichomonas.
  • Gonorrhea.

Pathogenic intestinal bacteria enter the prostate through the urethra and rectum. These pathogens can also spread from partner to partner during sexual contact, and the question of whether prostatitis is transmitted sexually can be answered by the fact that it is not the disease itself but its pathogens.

What causes chronic inflammation?

Chronic prostatitis can be caused by infections. But these are different pathogens, causing asymptomatic, sluggish disease with a faint clinical picture. In chronic prostatitis, the temperature is most often normal, rarely constant subfebrile, not exceeding 37. 5 degrees. Usually, unpleasant symptoms bother men as the disease gets worse.

pain in a man with prostatitis

The main reason for the transition of the acute form of the disease to chronic is inadequate treatment or its complete absence.

Typical causes of chronic prostatitis include:

  • Mycoplasmas.
  • Chlamydia.
  • Ureaplasma.
  • Cytomegalovirus.
  • Candida.

Sometimes bacteria or viruses enter the prostate through the bloodstream of other organs involved in the inflammatory process. And then this disease can occur due to tonsillitis, bronchitis, sinusitis or even tooth decay.

Congestive prostatitis is most often chronic. The reasons for its occurrence are provoked:

  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • Prostate injury.
  • Constipation.
  • Sitting (especially cross - working).
  • Regular hypothermia or overheating of the pelvic area.
  • Characteristics of the anatomical structure of the prostate and urethra.
  • Frequent retention of urination.
  • Bad habits (smoking, alcohol).
  • Irregular sex life.

It should be noted separately that the development of prostatitis can cause masturbation. In men, onanism weakens the tone of the muscles of the prostate gland. As a result, it becomes flabby and atonic, which manifests itself in clinically congestive prostatitis.

Masturbation also causes frequent redness in the prostate area and causes congestion as a result. Mechanical damage to the foreskin and penis can lead to balanoposthitis. In this case, there is a direct pathway for bacteria to the prostate through the urethra.

Appropriate treatment for prostatitis should only be considered after the cause has been identified.